Turning: Oil And Gas Industry Overcoming The Crisis

Following a long period of elevated activity that was driven by high prices, the global oil & gas industry has experienced a time of extreme change over in recent years. At the end of 2015, the world’s commodities and markets reacted to the prevailing conditions by valuing the all-important oil barrel price at less than US$40, a dramatic drop when compared to previous achieved revenues.

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At this time, the accumulative effects of the slow-down of economic growth throughout the industrialized world and the decision by OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) at the end of 2014, not to reduce production to protect prices, were further intensified by the remarkable growth of oil production and slowing global demand. This perfect storm inevitably led to a major drop of crude oil price.

The effects on Oil & Gas producers have been dramatic – many previously embarked upon projects that began to make little or no economic sense. To help maintain their profitability or to assist in curtailing their losses, throughout this slowdown, countless companies reduced their expenditure. Many major projects were cancelled or postponed, proposed mergers and acquisitions in the oil & gas industry collapsed, as sellers and buyers were unable to settle on a fundamental agreement.

As a consequence of reduced activity in this important sector, global cutting tool manufacturers experienced a significant drop in business. In keeping with company’s reduced revenues, buyers were instructed to utilize existing inventories and to purchase cutting tools only when necessary, without keeping back-up stock.

Despite the global recession in the oil & gas market, there remained several important sectors that continued to run at full capacity. To aid the efficiency of these busy consumables sectors, cutting tool producers have been, and continue to be, approached with requests for help in reducing machined part costs, to further optimize manufacturing processes and to reduce cycle times. These demands have been satisfied by the launch of a new generation of advanced cutting tools.

These tools may appear more expensive, but importantly they deliver significant savings. Although cutting tools represent only 2-4% of total production costs, they have a massive effect on the overall efficiency of a process. The use of today’s minimally more expensive, innovative tools that deliver longer life, ensure faster cycle times and guarantee the continued quality of machined parts, makes undoubted economic sense.

The application of increased cutting speeds, in addition to the use of custom solutions (combination tools) that enable multiple steps to be combined into one, result in significantly reduced cycle times. The shares of machine, labor and administrative costs are decreased, delivering a total cost saving as well as the benefit of improved lead times. The result – added capacity and improved productivity!

ISCAR offers a range of innovative tooling solutions that are designed to simplify production, reduce costs and maximize productivity. Solutions with leading SUMOTEC Grade products provide improved tool life and enhanced reliability across a range of different materials. In addition to a comprehensive collection of cutting tools, ISCAR also provides superior technical support to all users.

Machining Solutions for Oil Country Tubular Goods

Tubing, Casing, Coupling, Line Pipes, Drill Pipes and Rotary Drill Bits 

The aggressive conditions encountered in the oil & gas industries necessitate the use of the most appropriate high-quality materials – as a result these challenging materials require the use of the best available cutting tools.

Innovative system solutions by ISCAR include tools for pipe end machining seamlessly hot-rolled or welded steel pipes, for turning, peeling the cone, seal seat machining and thread connections.

The SUMOTEC grade technology offers a new level of toughness and wear resistance for a wide range of applications and greater performance.

Parting Tubes and Rings
Tailor-made tooling combined with the revolutionary TANG-GRIP system, an extremely rigid clamping arrangement that ensures the highest levels of stability along with excellent chip control in most of materials, enables machining at high feed rates and provides excellent straightness and surface finish characteristics.

Included is a wide range of engineered holders and blades for parting tubes. (Pic. 1) 

Turning and Threading

External and internal rough turning operations require a high quality surface and consistent results. High feed turning with DOVEIQ TURN and HELITURN TG turning inserts is a heavy duty ISCAR range that is ideal for rough turning operations and provides the benefits of a high depth of cut and high feed rates. (Pic. 2)

Multifunction tools for turning and threading operations are accurate indexing tools for a wide range of tubing and casing applications, and thus reduce cycle time and increase productivity. This product range provides tool solutions for high-performance thread cutting machines for API and premium threaded tubing and casing connections.

  • Wide solution for API and premium threading
  • High precision engineered tooling
  • Optimized grade and geometry range for different materials (Pic. 3)

Multi-Tooth Threading Inserts and Chasers 

Multi-tooth inserts are specially designed for high-volume production. Less passes are needed to cut the required thread and the cycle time is substantially decreased. ISCAR offers a wide range of threading inserts and chasers for the oil & gas industry, dedicated for the most common API standard threads and premium profiles.

External and Internal Skiving of Welded Seam 

ISCAR’s scarfing solutions consist of both external and internal tools, in addition to the comprehensive range of indexable scarfing inserts for finishing operations of the welded joint.

Rock Drill Bits 

Drill bits are cutting tools used to remove material through a cutting action provided by cones which have either steel teeth or tungsten carbide bit inserts.

The SUMOCHAM Chamdrill Line comprises a revolutionary clamping system that delivers improvements in productivity, while enabling more insert indexes. ISCAR offers tailor-made inserts with the appropriate point angle, corner radius and accuracy.

Machining Solutions for Wellheads, Valves and Frac Pumps 

Wellhead and Subsea Equipment 

Complex and highly engineered materials have become a standard demand for wellhead and subsea components.

Valves, Pumps and Connectors 

Valves, pumps and connectors are fundamental components in pressure control systems, operating under aggressive conditions on both surface and subsea operations. The high strength of stainless steels, duplex and super duplex alloys with their high mechanical strength, and other exotic materials have long been a focus for ISCAR.

In order to meet the current and foreseeable challenges, ISCAR offers a range of advanced tooling solutions, suitable for machining exotic materials that can withstand deep-water hostile environments. This new generation of tools is an essential solution for productivity improvement in today’s oil & gas industry.


ISCAR’s all-embracing holemaking range provides all of the tools and technology needed for oil & gas component manufacturing. In this area, the key is to achieve the correct balance between the cutting edge, grade and geometry and the material being machined. ISCAR offers a complete package of hole making solutions for various machining challenges with a wide range of drilling tools including solid carbide drills and indexable inserts that meet all of the demands of accuracy and performance.

The CHAMIQDRILL features a unique design, utilizing the flexibility of carbide for self-locking, eliminating the need for clamping accessories. The robust structure of the drill with its concave cutting edge design enables drilling at high feed rates, providing very accurate adherence to tolerance. (Pic. 4)

The SUMOGUN is the only gundrill in the market with an indexable drilling head. It features two effective cutting edges, enabling the drilling of deep holes at much higher feed rates, when compared to most other gundrills.

For large diameter drilling applications, the COMBICHAM drilling system is the ideal solution to boost productivity and efficiency regarding oil & gas deep drilling applications.


Innovation has always been an essential part of ISCAR’s milling range. All areas of oil & gas component machining can benefit from our knowledge. Cutters for face milling, helical interpolation, slotting, shouldering, plunge milling, high speed machining and many more solutions are available, along with the advice needed for their successful application. (Pic. 5)

Thread Milling 

Solid thread milling cutters are available in addition to thread milling indexable inserts for different thread profiles, providing a flexible and capable approach for high-quality threaded holes. This approach enables the production of precision threads, eliminates the problem of broken taps, reduces cutting forces and delivers shorter cycle times and increases productivity.

Solid Carbide End Mills – CHATTERFREE 

The most advanced machining technology is ISCAR’s all-in-one solid EFP carbide cutter with its high-tech design providing a great advantage when cavity milling. A winning combination of ISCAR’s three most innovative endmills – unique cutting edge geometry, high stability performance during cutting and the delivery of higher feed rates, even with long tooling overhang. These unique features enable high metal removal rates when machining pockets and cavities in high-temperature alloys. As a result, the cutter delivers a significant reduction in cycle time, increasing productivity.

Customized Tooling 

ISCAR designed its extensive standard product range to cover all of the most common applications. In addition, ISCAR is able to use its extensive knowledge to develop and produce the best solutions for customers’ processes not covered by standard products.

The Oil and Gas market faces many challenges to overcome the present situation, and ISCAR believes that effective collaboration with cutting tool manufacturers play an important role in helping the industry meet these challenges.

In addition to the latest technologies, we can see an industry focused on searching for creative methods and efficient processes. As a leading cutting tools manufacturer, ISCAR’s approach is to work closely with customers and provide them with innovating solutions by thinking outside the box to address these requirements and take productivity to the next level.

For more information, contact Iscar South Africa – Tel: (011) 997-2700.

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